[190] Although Mumbai had prominently figured as the hub of economic activity of India in the 1990s, the Mumbai Metropolitan Region is presently witnessing a reduction in its contribution to India's GDP. [290][291], About 700 million litres of water, out of a daily supply of 3500 million litres, is lost by way of water thefts, illegal connections and leakages, per day in Mumbai. [210] The Mumbai Traffic Police is a semi-autonomous body under the Mumbai Police. Mumbai had also played host to the Kingfisher Airlines Tennis Open, an International Series tournament of the ATP World Tour, in 2006 and 2007. [18][19] Mumbai is home to three UNESCO World Heritage Sites: the Elephanta Caves, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus, and the city's distinctive ensemble of Victorian and Art Deco buildings. Its strongest scores in the QS University Rankings: BRICS are for papers per faculty (8th), employer reputation (20th) and citations per paper (28th). Mumbai (English: /mʊmˈbaɪ/, Marathi: [ˈmumbəi]; also known as Bombay /bɒmˈbeɪ/, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra. Nariman Point and Bandra Kurla Complex (BKC) are Mumbai's major financial centres. The Maharashtra Legislative Assembly (Lower House), also known as Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha, has a total of 288 seats. An old temple dedicated to Lord Shiva, the Bhandupeshwar Mahadev Mandir, is located in Bhandup (west) Near Moti bai wadi IDUBS hindi high school. [196], Mumbai has been ranked sixth among top ten global cities on the billionaire count with 28[197] and 46000 millionaires, with total wealth around $820 billion[198] 48th on the Worldwide Centres of Commerce Index 2008,[199] seventh in the list of "Top Ten Cities for Billionaires" by Forbes magazine (April 2008),[200] and first in terms of those billionaires' average wealth. [256], The Mumbai Darshan is a tourist bus service which explores numerous tourist attractions in Mumbai. Andheri Taluka - 5 [Office Time: 7.00 am to 2.00 pm] Andheri Taluka - 6 Office Time: 2.00 pm to 9.00 pm] Jogeshwari Telephone Exchange, S.V.Road, Jogeshwari West, Mumbai. Source: https://www.maharashtra.gov.in/Site/Upload/Photo/VidhanBhavan.jpg, Permission: “Material featured on this portal may be reproduced free of charge in any format or media without requiring specific permission. eastern to Madh Marve on the western front. It is situated at the cavity of Ulhas River on the western coast of India known as the Konkan coast. [268] There are five tolled entry points to the city by road. [232], Public transport systems in Mumbai include the Mumbai Suburban Railway, Monorail, Metro, Brihanmumbai Electric Supply and Transport (BEST) buses, black-and-yellow meter taxis, auto rickshaws and ferries. On 1 October 1990, the Greater Bombay district was bifurcated to form two revenue districts namely, Bombay City and Bombay Suburban, though they continued to be administered by same Municipal Administration. [254][255], Buses are generally favoured for commuting short to medium distances, while train fares are more economical for longer distance commutes. [342] The Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya (formerly The Prince of Wales Museum) is a renowned museum in South Mumbai which houses rare ancient exhibits of Indian history. [394], Mumbai is home to two prominent research institutions: the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), and the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC). [409] In the second season, the final of the 2016 Premier Badminton League was held between home-squad Mumbai Rockets and the Delhi Dashers (formerly Delhi Acers), the visitors eventually claiming the title. Diwali, Holi, Eid, Christmas, Navratri, Good Friday, Dussera, Moharram, Ganesh Chaturthi, Durga Puja and Maha Shivratri are some of the popular festivals in the city. [65] Perhaps at the beginning of the Common Era, or possibly earlier, they came to be occupied by the Koli fishing community. [132], The following decades saw massive expansion of the city and its suburbs. Mumbai and London are the only two cities to have hosted both a World Cup final and the final of an ICC Champions Trophy which was played at the Brabourne Stadium in 2006.[401]. [359] Popular English language newspapers published and sold in Mumbai include The Times of India, Mid-day, Hindustan Times, DNA India, and The Indian Express. And it was because it was a a large milk producing area in Mumbai that people believe it came to be called as Goregaon (‘gore’ symbolizing white for milk). Mcdowell's Derby is also held in February at the Turf Club in Mumbai. Mumbai lies at the mouth of the Ulhas River on the western coast of India, in the coastal region known as the Konkan. Although the municipal corporation is the legislative body that lays down policies for the governance of the city, it is the commissioner who is responsible for the execution of the policies. ... Geo­Names ID. This led filmmaking to new heights in terms of quality, cinematography and innovative story lines as well as technical advances such as special effects and animation. In 2009, Mumbai was named an alpha world city. Mumbai's business opportunities attract migrants from all over India. [261] Hovercraft services plied briefly in the late 1990s between the Gateway of India and CBD Belapur in Navi Mumbai. [36][37] The city houses important financial institutions and the corporate headquarters of numerous Indian companies and multinational corporations. [365], There are twelve radio stations in Mumbai, with nine broadcasting on the FM band, and three All India Radio stations broadcasting on the AM band. Both GSM and CDMA services are available in the city. [321], The number of households in Mumbai is forecast to rise from 4.2 million in 2008 to 6.6 million in 2020. The Kala Ghoda Arts Festival is an exhibition of a world of arts that encapsulates works of artists in the fields of music, dance, theatre, and films. When the Elite Football League of India was introduced in August 2011, Mumbai was noted as one of eight cities to be awarded a team for the inaugural season. The remaining areas belong to various Defence establishments, the Mumbai Port Trust, the Atomic Energy Commission and the Borivali National Park, which are out of the jurisdiction of the MCGM. Mumbai has three UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, the Elephanta Caves and the Victorian and Art Deco Ensemble. Registration Fees is accepted by way of Pay-order in the name of: Joint Sub-registrar, Andheri-1, Mumbai Suburban District. [381] Moreover, the University of Mumbai was ranked 5th in the list of best universities in India by India Today in 2013[382] and ranked at 62 in the QS BRICS University rankings for 2013, a ranking of leading universities in the five BRICS countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa). In the suburbs, the soil cover is largely alluvial and loamy. [162] The underlying rock of the region is composed of black Deccan basalt flows, and their acidic and basic variants dating back to the late Cretaceous and early Eocene eras. For virtually anywhere else on the Central line, Kurla is the interchange point. [152], Under colonial rule, tanks were the only source of water in Mumbai, with many localities having been named after them. ", "Mumbai breathes 2017's cleanest air; 'good' AQI after 6 months. [307] Art Deco styled landmarks can be found along the Marine Drive and west of the Oval Maidan. According to the treaty, the Seven Islands of Bombay, the nearby strategic town of Bassein and its dependencies were offered to the Portuguese. In the 2019 national election, all six parliamentary constituencies were won by the BJP and Shiv Sena in alliance, with both parties winning three seats each. Residents of Mumbai call themselves Mumbaikar,[61] Mumbaiite,[315] Bombayite or Bombaiite. [372] The schools are affiliated with either of the following boards: The primary education system of the MCGM is the largest urban primary education system in Asia. Complete details of Population, Religion, Literacy and Sex Ratio in tabular format. [417], Regional and Professional Sports Teams from Mumbai, Former Regional and Professional Sports Teams from Mumbai, "Bombay" redirects here. Mumbai has the second largest number of Art Deco buildings in the world after Miami. Subdivision and Appeal information for period 01-04-2019 t0 31-1-2020 (PDF, 572 KB) Information of non disputed mutations for period 01-04-2019 to 31-1-2020 (PDF, 351 kb) Mutation Entry Application Format (SLR Mumbai Suburban … [24], The oldest known names for the city are Kakamuchee and Galajunkja; these are sometimes still used. Of the 26 Mumbai Suburban MLAs, 19 are repeat MLAs from the 2014 Maharashtra Assembly Election. Pleistocene sediments found along the coastal areas around Kandivali in northern Mumbai suggest that the islands were inhabited since the South Asian Stone Age. Mumbai suffers from the same major urbanisation problems seen in many fast growing cities in developing countries: widespread poverty and unemployment, poor public health and poor civic and educational standards for a large section of the population. [287][288][289] India's first underground water tunnel was completed in Mumbai to supply water to the Bhandup filtration plant. [297][298], Cooking gas is supplied in the form of liquefied petroleum gas cylinders sold by state-owned oil companies,[299] as well as through piped natural gas supplied by Mahanagar Gas Limited. On the West coast are former-textile mills being demolished and skyscrapers built on top. The Mumbai International Film Festival[338] and the award ceremony of the Filmfare Awards, the oldest and prominent film awards given for Hindi film industry in India, are held in Mumbai. Matches in the city are played at the Mahindra Hockey Stadium.[407][408]. Marathi dailies enjoy the maximum readership share in the city and the top Marathi language newspapers are Maharashtra Times, Navakaal, Lokmat, Loksatta, Mumbai Chaufer, Saamana and Sakaal. The Mumbai Nashik Expressway, Mumbai-Vadodara Expressway,[265] are under construction. [189] Along with the rest of India, Mumbai has witnessed an economic boom since the liberalisation of 1991, the finance boom in the mid-nineties and the IT, export, services and outsourcing boom in the 2000s. [371] The city also hosts the Marathi film industry which has seen increased popularity in recent years, and TV production companies. [224][225] A member of the legislative assembly (MLA) to the Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha (legislative assembly) is elected from each of the assembly constituencies. [332], Mumbai has a large polyglot population like all other metropolitan cities of India. This article has the Mumbai MLA List 2019. [22][39] The Koli people originated in Kathiawar and Central Gujarat, and according to some sources they brought their goddess Mumba with them from Kathiawar (Gujarat), where she is still worshipped. In the suburbs, the daily mean maximum temperature range from 29 °C (84 °F) to 33 °C (91 °F), while the daily mean minimum temperature ranges from 16 °C (61 °F) to 26 °C (79 °F). The commissioner is appointed for a fixed term as defined by state statute. [99] The population quickly rose from 10,000 in 1661, to 60,000 in 1675. Mumbai suburban district is made up of three tehsils - Andheri, Kurla, and Borivali. Greater Mumbai, an area of 603 square kilometres (233 sq mi), consisting of the Mumbai City and Mumbai Suburban districts, extends from Colaba in the south, to Mulund and Dahisar in the north, and Mankhurd in the east. The Mumbai Police is a division of the Maharashtra Police, under the state Home Ministry. ", "51st REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER FOR LINGUISTIC MINORITIES IN INDIA", "Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya", "Sahitya Akademi: awards and fellowships", "Bandra's spirit captured in cakes, tattoos", "MTDC will not pull out of Elephanta, Banganga fests", "The Times of India turns the Times of Colour", "IRS Q2, 2010: Negligible decline of daily readers in Greater Mumbai", "IRS Q2 2010: Publications in Maharashtra see some light", "Public life and voluntary social service organisations", "Bollywood Trawls London for Talent as Students Balk at Banking", "Bollywood filmmakers experimenting with new genre of films", "Mumbai's Film City may be home to world cinema", "Education board tells schools to get state recognition", "mumbai university: Latest News, Videos and mumbai university Photos | Times of India", "Are you cut out for Arts, Science or Commerce? [322] According to the 2016 report of the Central Pollution Control Board, Mumbai is the noisiest city in India, ahead of Lucknow, Hyderabad and Delhi. [111] Later, the British occupied Salsette on 28 December 1774. [273] It handled 36.6 million passengers and 694,300 tonnes of cargo during FY 2014–2015. In the final they lost 3–4 to the Chennai Smashers. [146] From being an ancient fishing community and a colonial centre of trade, Mumbai has become South Asia's largest city and home of the world's most prolific film industry. [378] Most colleges in the city are affiliated with the University of Mumbai, one of the largest universities in the world in terms of the number of graduates. [212] Mumbai also has two lower courts, the small causes court for civil matters, and the sessions court for criminal cases. [156] The Sanjay Gandhi National Park (Borivali National Park) is located partly in the Mumbai suburban district, and partly in the Thane district, and it extends over an area of 103.09 km2 (39.80 sq mi). [316] Dharavi, Asia's second largest slum (if Karachi's Orangi Town is counted as a single slum)[317] is located in central Mumbai and houses between 800,000 and one million people[318] in 2.39 square kilometres (0.92 sq mi), making it one of the most densely populated areas on Earth[319] with a population density of at least 334,728 persons per square kilometre. [105], In 1687, the English East India Company transferred its headquarters from Surat to Bombay. [400] The biggest cricketing event to be staged in the city so far is the final of the 2011 ICC Cricket World Cup which was played at the Wankhede Stadium. [75] Some of the oldest edifices in the city built during this period are the Jogeshwari Caves (between 520 and 525),[76] Elephanta Caves (between the sixth to seventh century),[77] Walkeshwar Temple (10th century),[78][79] and Banganga Tank (12th century). This unique blend of cultures is due to the migration of people from all over India since the British period. [324][325][326] The linguistic/ethnic demographics are: Maharashtrians (42%), Gujaratis (19%), with the rest hailing from other parts of India. [233] Auto rickshaws are allowed to operate only in the suburban areas of Mumbai, while taxis are allowed to operate throughout Mumbai, but generally operate in South Mumbai. The Bene Israeli Jewish community of Bombay, who migrated from the Konkan villages, south of Bombay, are believed to be the descendants of the Jews of Israel who were shipwrecked off the Konkan coast, probably in the year 175 BCE, during the reign of the Greek ruler, Antiochus IV Epiphanes. With the Treaty of Surat (1775), the British formally gained control of Salsette and Bassein, resulting in the First Anglo-Maratha War. Mumbai also has a large unskilled and semi-skilled self-employed population, who primarily earn their livelihood as hawkers, taxi drivers, mechanics and other such blue collar professions. The name Bhandup is derived from Bhandupeshwar, one of the names of the Hindu god Shiva. The period from June to about the end of September constitutes the south west monsoon season, and October and November form the post-monsoon season. In the Lok Sabha discussions in 1955, the Congress party demanded that the city be constituted as an autonomous city-state. Schools in Mumbai are either "municipal schools" (run by the MCGM) or private schools (run by trusts or individuals), which in some cases receive financial aid from the government. The city is also home to Bollywood and Marathi cinema industries. [115] Following his defeat, almost the whole of the Deccan Plateau came under British suzerainty, and was incorporated into the Bombay Presidency. [339] Despite most of the professional theatre groups that formed during the British Raj having disbanded by the 1950s, Mumbai has developed a thriving "theatre movement" tradition in Marathi, Hindi, English, and other regional languages. [391] Government Law College and Sydenham College, respectively the oldest law and commerce colleges in India, are based in Mumbai. In the City of Mumbai MLA List 2019, 7 MLAs out of 10 are the same as in the 2014 Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha Election. The low sex ratio is partly because of the large number of male migrants who come to the city to work.[314]. ", "3 Mumbaikars Who Are Changing The City All By Themselves", "What about Gateway of India, Banganga Tank? List of all towns and Villages in Mumbai Suburban Taluka of Mumbai Suburban district, Maharashtra. [64] It is not exactly known when these islands were first inhabited. [66][67], In the 3rd century BCE, the islands formed part of the Maurya Empire, during its expansion in the south, ruled by the Buddhist emperor Ashoka of Magadha. Of the 26 Mumbai Suburban MLAs, 19 are repeat MLAs from the 2014 Maharashtra Assembly Election. Mumbai also has a special Terrorist and Disruptive Activities (TADA) court for people accused of conspiring and abetting acts of terrorism in the city. Services are provided by both government agencies as well as private partners. [347][348] The Elephanta Festival—celebrated every February on the Elephanta Islands—is dedicated to classical Indian dance and music and attracts performers from across the country. [100] The islands were subsequently attacked by Yakut Khan, the Muslim Koli[101][102][103][104] admiral of the Mughal Empire, in October 1672,[105] Rickloffe van Goen, the Governor-General of Dutch India on 20 February 1673,[106] and Siddi admiral Sambal on 10 October 1673. Mumbai's suburban district occupies most of the island. [402] In the Indian Super League, Mumbai City FC represents the city; The living space is 4.5 square metres per person. [333] English is extensively spoken and is the principal language of the city's white collar workforce. Mumbai is the financial, commercial,[29] and the entertainment capital of India. [250]Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation (MSRTC, also known as ST)[251] buses provide intercity transport connecting Mumbai with other towns and cities of Maharashtra and nearby states. Bollywood, the Hindi film industry based in Mumbai, produces around 150–200 films every year. In the late 1960s, Nariman Point and Cuffe Parade were reclaimed and developed. Articles on the Top 10 must see attractions and activates in Mumbai, including the best and most famous tourist places, best buildings, best parks, famous beaches, fun things for children and tourist destinations. [89], The Mughal Empire, founded in 1526, was the dominant power in the Indian subcontinent during the mid-16th century. [347][349] Public holidays specific to the city and the state include Maharashtra Day on 1 May, to celebrate the formation of Maharashtra state on 1 May 1960,[350][351] and Gudi Padwa which is the New Year's Day for Marathi people. The city eventually became the headquarters of the Bombay Presidency. The Conditional Access System (CAS) started by the Union Government in 2006 met a poor response in Mumbai due to competition from its sister technology Direct-to-Home (DTH) transmission service.[367]. [395] The BARC operates CIRUS, a 40 MW nuclear research reactor at their facility in Trombay. [123][124], After India's independence in 1947, the territory of the Bombay Presidency retained by India was restructured into Bombay State. [369] The 2000s saw a growth in Bollywood's popularity overseas. As per Census 2011, total families in Mumbai Suburban district were 2,105,604. [149] Of this, the island city spans 67.79 km2 (26 sq mi), while the suburban district spans 370 km2 (143 sq mi), together accounting for 437.71 km2 (169 sq mi) under the administration of Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (MCGM). This side of Mumbai is also popularly known as "town", as opposed to the rest of Mumbai, which comes under the category "suburbs". It varies between a dry period extending from October to May and a wet period peaking in June. [204], It is administered by the Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (MCGM) (sometimes referred to as the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation), formerly known as the Bombay Municipal Corporation (BMC). [398] The Mumbai cricket team represents the city in the Ranji Trophy and has won 40 titles, the most by any team. Its population as per the 2011 census was 12,442,373. [180][181][182] According to the 2016 World Health Organization Global Urban Ambient Air Pollution Database,[183] the annual average PM2.5 concentration in 2013 was 63 μg/m3, which is 6.3 times higher than that recommended by the WHO Air Quality Guidelines[184] for the annual mean PM2.5. Thane Thane is a city in Konkan, Maharashtra. [185][186] In December 2019, IIT Bombay, in partnership with the McKelvey School of Engineering of Washington University in St. Louis, launched the Aerosol and Air Quality Research Facility to study air pollution in Mumbai, among other Indian cities.

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