Principal Commanders: Maj. John C. Chivington and Col. John P. Slough [US]; Maj. Charles L. Pyron and Lt. Col. William R. Scurry [CS] [11], The following month, in March 1862, the U.S. House of Representatives, now devoid of the southern delegates and controlled by Republicans, passed a bill to create the United States Arizona Territory using the north-south border of the 107th meridian. After the expansion of the New Mexico Territory in 1853 by the Gadsden Purchase, proposals for a division of the territory and the organization of a separate Territory of Arizona in the southern half of the territory were advanced as early as 1856. Less than a year later, another battle would be fought near Mesilla on June 1, 1862, between Arizona rebels and the New Mexican Militia. After two months of debate, the legislation passed on January 13, 1862, and the territory was officially created by proclamation of President Jefferson Davis on February 14,[9] with this proclamation: "I, Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederate States of America, do issue this, my proclamation, declaring said "Act to organize the Territory of Arizona" to be in full force and operation, and that I have proceeded to appoint the officers therein provided to be appointed in and for said Territory. Planning to attack the Union force at Fort Fillmore the next day, they were thwarted by a Confederate deserter who informed the Fort Fillmore’s commander, Major Isaac Lynde. This location may seem odd to you unless you’re familiar with the relationship of Texas and New Mexico. Entries are listed below by date-of-occurrence ascending (first-to-last). JosFChaves.jpg 3,127 × 3,742; 1.09 MB. In pursuit on July 27th, the Confederates captured a number of straggling Union troops and soon overtook Lynde’s command, who had been reduced to only about 100 men as they crossed the dry Organ Mountains. Historians regard this campaign as the most ambitious Confederate attempt to establish control of the American Westand to open an additional theater in the w… [6], "The social and political condition of Arizona being little short of general anarchy, and the people being literally destitute of law, order, and protection, the said Territory, from the date hereof, is hereby declared temporarily organized as a military government until such time as Congress may otherwise provide. Battle of Glorieta Pass . On August 1, Baylor issued a "The Proclamation to the People of the Territory of Arizona", taking possession of the territory for the Confederacy, with Mesilla as the capital and himself as the governor. 5 Old West Forts That Will Transport You Through New Mexico’s Past. The skirmish that followed, in which one Union cavalryman was wounded, was the westernmost engagement of the Civil War. The Wikipedia article, New Mexico in the American Civil War, has more … He called on the citizens to abandon their allegiance to the Union and to join the Confederacy, warning that those "who co-operate with the enemy will be treated accordingly, and must be prepared to share their fate." However, the people of Arizona remained firm in their support of Baylor, and held another convention on August 28, 1861 in Tucson, ratifying Baylor's proclamation. Arizona became its own territory in 1863 during the war. In the Spring of 1861, Sibley, a Louisianan who had just resigned from the U.S. Army, met with Confederate President Jefferson Davis, outlining a strategy to take over the American West. Both Confederate and Union governments claimed ownership and territorial rights over it. [15], In April 1862, a small party of Confederates moving northwest from Tucson met a Union cavalry patrol near Stanwix Station. Drawing on many sources the campaign comes alive though solid writing. Dieses Stockfoto: Civil War Reenactment Schlachten des Glorieta Pass und Apache Canyon In New Mexico. The goal of expanding Confederate influence into southern California and to the Pacific Ocean was never realized. The proposals arose from concerns about the effectiveness of the territorial government in Santa Fe to administer the newly acquired southern portions of the territory.[2]. Delegate Oury was not initially seated in the congress, but met with C.S. In July 1861, a small Confederate force of Texans, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel John R. Baylor, captured Mesilla in the eastern part of the territory. A weekend-long gay dance blowout held at a beach resort on the West Coast of Mexico has created enough social-media controversy and in-fighting to be dubbed “gay civil war.” Sherod Hunter at the head of the Confederate Arizona Rangers, occupied southern Arizona during the spring of 1862. Valverde is a novel about the Civil War in New Mexico that begins in Texas. Carleton's troops later fought the Battle of Apache Pass after being ambushed by Cochise and Mangas Coloradas. But that’s exactly what we did. Confederate Arizona was created by capturing the southern tier of the Union's New Mexico Territory, while the boundary established in 1863 created an Arizona on the west separated from New Mexico on the east.[19]. For all purposes herein specified, and until otherwise decreed or provided, the Territory of Arizona shall comprise all that portion of New Mexico lying south of the thirty-fourth parallel of north latitude. The conference issued a petition to the U.S. Congress, signed by 256 people, requesting organization of the territory and elected Nathan P. Cooke as the territorial delegate to Congress. Home › Learn › Civil War › Sibley's New Mexico Campaign. New Mexico in the Civil War - Primary Source Edition | Norvell, S T [From Old Catalog] | ISBN: 9781294922230 | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. Subsequently a second convention was held in Tucson on March 28, 1861, chaired by Mark Aldrich, who had been Tucson's first mayor. However, the territorial government continued to operate out of Texas, and Confederate troops marched under the Arizona flag until the end of the war. Even though the column withstood the Apaches and established Fort Bowie to secure the pass, the Californians and the Apache would continue fighting throughout the War and beyond. Prior to the Civil War, residents in the southern part of New Mexico Territory had long complained that the territorial government in Santa Fe was too far away to properly address their concerns. The demonstration took place in … As the main route to California, the New Mexico Territory was disputed territory during the American Civil War, resulting in settlers in the region carved out by the Gadsden Purchase willingly joining the Confederate States of America, while much of the rest of the present day state of New Mexico remained loyal to the Union. However, when the Union found out that the Texans were coming into the territory, they reinforced the fort. That same night, Baylor’s men managed to capture 85 of the fort’s horses, which formed most of the fort’s transportation. The house bill stipulated that Tucson was to be capital. Our cookies are delicious. [4], At the outbreak of the Civil War, sentiment in the territory was in favor of the Confederacy. Your email address will not be published. Both the Confederates and the Federal government attempted to control the Apaches. The Civil War in New Mexico was fought in the deserts and mountains of the huge territory, which was mostly wilderness, amid the continuing ancient wars against the wild Indian tribes waged by both sides. It opened up an additional theater in the American Civil War. Media in category "People of New Mexico in the American Civil War" The following 7 files are in this category, out of 7 total. Your email address will not be published. [16], As the main route to California, the New Mexico Territory was disputed territory during the American Civil War, resulting in settlers in the region carved out by the Gadsden Purchase willingly joining the Confederate States of America, while much of the rest of the present day state of New Mexico remained loyal to the Union. The Confederate Army of New Mexico … You see, the Texas Republic tried to invade New Mexico twenty years before the Civil War, and it didn’t go well. His strategy also included taking the northern Mexican states of Chihuahua, Sonora, and Lower California, either through purchase or by invasion. Foreseeing the oncoming attack, Lynde destroyed the ammunition and supplies and the fort and retreated northeast towards Fort Stanton, some 150 miles to the northeast. With Union Troops gone from the southern part of New Mexico Territory as well as Texas, the 2nd Texas Mounted Rifles under Lieutenant Colonel John R. Baylor were sent to occupy the series of forts along the western Texas frontier, as well as advancing into New Mexico to attack the Union forts along the Rio Grande River.